There are no formal institutional regulations regarding class attendance. Each classroom or laboratory instructor sets his or her own attendance policy. However, instructors are required to report the names of students who do not attend to the registrar's office. Within the first calendar week of classes, or the first laboratory meeting, of the term the instructor will notify the students in writing of the attendance policy for that class. It is the prerogative of the instructor to determine and impose grade penalties for absences. Students are responsible for all course material covered and any academic consequence of their absences. In some cases, federal and state laws require that attendance be recorded and reported.